Birth Control 300x200Hormonal, barrier and rhythm methods. Pills, patches, implants, IUDs, condoms, diaphragms, rings, sponges and natural family planning. Birth control comes in many forms, so let’s look at your options.

The birth control pill is most common hormonal contraceptive with a combination of estrogen and progestin hormones, or a progestin-only pill. A monthly birth control patch that delivers hormones can provide the effectiveness of a daily pill and is more convenient to use.

Other hormonal options include a birth control implant under the skin of your arm that offers protection for up to three years and an intrauterine device (IUD) in your uterus to prevent fertilization for five to ten years. A birth control shot administered every three months can also stop you from ovulating.

Barrier methods physically block sperm from reaching the egg and include condoms, the contraceptive sponge, a diaphragm, a cervical cap or a cervical shield. These are needed each time you have sex and effectiveness depends on proper use.

Rhythm methods like natural family planning keep track of your menstrual cycle, check your cervical mucus, and take your body temperature daily to determine on which days you are most likely to be fertile and should avoid having sex.

An emergency contraceptive such as a morning-after pill (Plan B) is a backup for when your first method of birth control fails or you have unprotected sex. This is available from most pharmacies without a prescription.

Surgical sterilization is a permanent form of birth control. Women can have a tubal ligation that ties off the fallopian tubes to prevent eggs from reaching the uterus and men can undergo a vasectomy that blocks delivery of sperm.

There is no one best method of birth control for everyone. If you want to avoid becoming pregnant, talk with your doctor about all the choices for birth control to find the one that’s right for you.

Northline Women's Health Center Locations:

15675 Northline Road

Southgate, MI 48195

(734) 282-3600
(734) 282-3603 - Fax

23050 West Road, Suite 210

Brownstown Twp., MI 48183

(734) 362-7000
(734) 362-7077 - Fax